2004年度应用程序

Six weeks late but better than never, here are my favorite new Mac apps from 2004The rules are simple: these are the apps released last year that I like best.

  1. Interarchy 7
  2. Affrus 1.0
  3. SpamSieve 2.2
  4. BBEdit 8.0

加上其他几个值得一提

Interarchy 7

File transfer apps constitute a very crowded class of Mac software. I’m not sure of any other category where there are so many reasonably serious contendersBut at the top of the heap are two: Panic’s发送和Stairways Software的Interarchy. My hunch — based mostly on people I know personally, and thus a small sample size — is that Transmit users tend to be younger and/or newer Mac users; whereas Interarchy users tend to be older and longer-term Mac users.

Interarchy的根源至少可以追溯到1993年12月Peter N Lewis发布了Anarchie 1.0— which was before the Mac OS even offered built-in support for TCP/IP networking(The “archie” in “Anarchie” comes from阿奇, a long-since forgotten search engine for public FTP servers.) Anarchie’s primary rival during the System 7 era was Jim Matthews’s, 哪一个马修斯最初是在1989年开发的as an in-house tool for use at Dartmouth College.

Anarchie and Fetch were both terrific apps — small, fast, and stableBoth offered robust support for then-new Mac technologies such as AppleScript and the Drag Manager (yes, that’s right, a decade ago, good drag-and-drop support was a high-end feature). Their primary difference, to my mind at least, was in terms of their windowing metaphorsAnarchie worked like the Finder, creating a new window to display the contents of each FTP directory you opened. Fetch worked like a browser, using a single window for each connection.

As much as I was (and remain) an enormous fan of the old Finder’s “each folder opens in its own window” metaphor, for远程file access via a protocol such as FTP, I’ve always preferred the single-window metaphorThus, for most of the ’90s, I was predominantly a Fetch man.

早在2000年,当Stairways改变了应用程序的名称from Anarchie to Interarchy, they also changed the scope of what the app didRather than focusing solely on FTP, they turned the app into a sort of Swiss Army knife networking toolkit, rolling together into one app several other network diagnostic utilities which Stairways had previously developed as separate appsSome of the features were minor (e.gsupport for the finger: protocol), and others were quite powerful (e.ga network traffic monitor that can record all incoming and outgoing network traffic to your machine).

The other big change in the move from Anarchie to Interarchy was that the entire user interface became skinnable, via plug-in packages they called “magic wands”It was, more or less, analogous to the skinnable UIs of music-player apps like SoundJam and三极管I considered it utterly silly, and apparently so did others — Stairways quietly de-emphasized “wands” in subsequent Interarchy releasesThis lack of focus led me to lose interest in Interarchy as an FTP appOr more specifically, it led me to stick with my copy of Anarchie 3.

Starting around 2001, my use of Fetch waned as well, as the sites I worked on began switching from FTP to SFTP(即使在今天,Fetch doesn’t support SFTP, although it is slated for the next major release.) The first app I used for SFTP wasMacSFTP, a relatively unheralded little gem by Jean-Pierre StierlinLater on, I switched to Panic’s发送, version 2 of which was rewritten specifically for Mac OS XTransmit certainly has a more polished UI than MacSFTP, and also offers more features and a bit more configurabilityHowever, MacSFTP offers a much better AppleScript interface than does Transmit.

Thus, for most of 2003, I used Transmit for GUI access to SFTP, and MacSFTP for automating a few tasks via AppleScript.

输入Interarchy 7

当Interarchy 7去年发布时,我很感兴趣It too had been rewritten specifically for Mac OS X (and in a very nice gesture, Stairways made Interarchy 6.3 — the last version that ran on Mac OS 9 —可以免费下载)Here are the features that made me decide to give Interarchy 7 a shot:

  • It now defaults to a browser-style interface, exactly what I prefer for a file-transfer app(But there’s a preference to always open folders in new windows, if that’s what you prefer.)

  • Aesthetically, it instantly struck me as a very well-done Aqua app; the Interarchy web site has a page full of截图证明这一点。

  • Interarchy 7 supports tabs, very similar to those in Safari. (In fact, if you tweak Safari’s nib file to turn off the brushed metal theme, Interarchy’s tabs are nearly identical to Safari’s.) ⌘T creates a new empty tab, ⌘-double-click opens a directory in a new tab.

  • Interarchy’s list view supports hierarchical disclosure triangles, much like the Finder’sI’ve wanted disclosure triangles for S/FTP list views for years; now that I have them in Interarchy, I use them nearly every day.

  • 列和图标视图,很像FinderI tend to use list view almost exclusively, but you can pretty much view files however you like with Interarchy 7.

Interarchy 7的屏幕截图,带有选项卡和列表视图显示三角形

Plus, Interarchy 7 offers all of the things previous versions were well-known for:

  • 快速,可靠的网络连接New connections open quickly; open connections never drop.

  • 非常棒的AppleScript支持,包括可记录性Anarchie and Interarchy have always had superior AppleScript support.

  • 非常好文件

  • 对远程文件编辑器的大力支持(即“opening” files in BBEdit (or another text editor) over SFTP), including the ability to open files for editing by double-clicking on them.

  • 资源使用率低(As I write this, I’ve had Interarchy running non-stop for several days, with two or three connection windows and up to 10 tabs; it’s only using 5.5 MB of private memory.)

  • Fast, easy-to-configure, easy-to-invoke mirroring to sync local and remote folders.

New single-user licenses for Interarchy start at $39 (USD) — about $10-15 more than most competing apps, but it’s easily worth the premiumPlus, upgrade pricing is generous — I upgraded from Anarchie 3 for just $19, a pittance considering I hadn’t sent Stairways a dime since 1999.

What’s great about Interarchy isn’t that it has tons of features (although it does), but that its features are so well doneIt’s the attention to detail that makes Interarchy a pleasure to useIn almost every way, it simply works exactly how I expect and want an S/FTP client to work.

The end result is that since I switched to Interarchy 7 last March, it’s the first time I’ve been satisfied with a file-transfer app in nearly 10 years.

Affrus 1.0

Late Night Software’s flagship product is Script Debugger, far and away the best AppleScript editor — and, of course, debugger — available.

去年三月,深夜释放Affrus 1.0, a $99 (USD) editor and debugger for Perl它既简单又强大Its basic operation is exactly what you’d expect (especially if you’ve ever used Script Debugger):

  • Perl scripts are displayed with highly configurable syntax coloring, as well as function navigationPerl’s syntax is highly flexible, which makes it notoriously difficult for other software to parse; Affrus does a fine job.

  • Debugging is controlled via the normal conventions of an IDE debugger: you can set breakpoints, step into or over subroutine calls, step into modules, and pretty much step through each line of your scripts from beginning to end.

  • While debugging, it’s easy to observe the contents of complex data structures (such as, say, a hash of hashes).

  • A command-line ‘affrus’ tool acts as a stand-in for Perl, accepting parameters as well as STDIN; the only difference from calling the regular ‘perl’ tool is that your script opens in Affrus for debugging. This makes it a cinch to invoke.

Plus — and this is not surprising given its pedigree — Affrus is itself a wonderfully scriptable application via AppleScript. (Although it would be a nice touch if you could script it using Perl, too例如something analogous to BBEdit’s Unix Filters, for modifying the text content of a window.)

If $99 strikes you as a lot of money to pay for a text editor that just does Perl, you either don’t need a Perl debugger or you’re missing the pointWhile Affrus can indeed serve as a fine text editor for writing Perl, it is in no way intended as a replacement for a general text editorIn fact, Affrus supports BBEdit and TextWrangler as external editors (and conversely, BBEdit and TextWrangler support Affrus as the target of their #! menu’s “Run in Debugger” command).

The point of Affrus is debugging, and no other editor for Mac OS X offers what Affrus doesThe ‘perl’ command line tool offers its own debugging mode, of course, and if you like it, well, you can save your money for something elseTo me, the point of Perl’s built-in debugger is that it allows something such as Affrus to be built on top of it; prior to Affrus, I typically “debugged” my Perl code the old-fashioned way — by sprinkling extra打印statements wherever I wanted to observe data values in my code.

If you write a lot of Perl, Affrus, quite simply, can save you a tremendous amount of timeAnd if you’re writing Perl professionally, that time is money.

杰出的帮助

It’s also worth mentioning that Affrus ships with extraordinary documentationThis isn’t surprising, considering that it was written by马特纽堡, whom I consider the best technical writer in the business但是什么surprising is the nature and format of the documentationFirst, Affrus ships with a 37-page PDF document, titled “Getting Started With Affrus”It’s well-written and does exactly what its title claims.

But where Affrus’s documentation enters a league of its own is its helpYes, the help files — the documentation you access via the Help menu, which consists of HTML files displayed in the Mac OS X Help Center applicationThe sort of help files which, if you’re like most Mac users, especially the sort of technically savvy ones who might be interested in something as esoteric as a debugger for Perl, you completely ignoreHelp is ignored because it tends to utterly suck(Apple,我正朝着你的方向前进。)

Ignoring Affrus’s help would be tragic, because it not only doesn’t suck, it is quite simply the finest software documentation I have every encounteredIt’s not just that it’s well-written, detailed, accurate, and completeIt’s that it truly takes advantage of the nature of hypertextIt is cross-referenced and cross-linked out the ying-yangIf you have a specific question, it is easy to find the answer and jump to it directly(And every question I’ve ever had about Affrus is answered in the help documentation.) But if you want to read the documentation linearly, from beginning to end, it’s easy to do that too.

Affrus’s help isn’t just good when compared against the deplorable state of your average help book (“Help isn’t available for >insert app name<“) - 任何标准都很明显。

(If you’re a technical writer, I urge you to download the Affrus demo and examine its help, even if you have no interest in using Affrus更好的是,先生Neuburg写了一篇article for O’Reilly’s MacDevCenter describing how Affrus’s help was produced运用火绒箱。)

然而,它是一个单点哦

I recommend Affrus wholeheartedly, but that’s not to say it doesn’t have plenty of room for improvementThere are only two types of 1.0 products: those which ship with missing features, and those which never actually ship.

Affrus 1.0缺少两大功能:

  • 调试CGI脚本
  • 支持调试Perl以外的语言

But for what it’s worth, Late Night Software’s Mark Alldritt has acknowledged both of these as features he’d like to add in the future.关于CGI调试

There are three forms of CGI debugging that I’m trying to provide for in future versions of Affrus:

  • apache CGI调试
  • mod_perl调试
  • 使用Affrus UI进行CGI仿真

关于支持其他语言

Affrus旨在支持多种语言We had to pick one to focus on for a 1.0 release and we chose Perl, but in a future version we are going to offer Python (so far, we have received a vast number of requests for Python support and only a few for Ruby).

也可以看看

  • Simon Cozens写了一篇更注重功能的文章Affrus的评论for Perl.com back in May.

  • Late Night Software is currently offering a bundle: Affrus 1.0 and Script Debugger 3.0 for $239 (USD) — which saves you $49 off their regular prices.

SpamSieve 2.2

Michael Tsai’s SpamSieve epitomizes the idea of utility software that does one thing, and does it wellWhat SpamSieve does is identify spam in your email, and it does so with accuracy that approaches perfection.

SpamSieve 2.2 was released in August, ostensibly as a relatively minor feature to SpamSieve 2.xMy results with 2.2 (and continuing up through the current 2.2.4 release) have been a decided and noticeable increase in accuracySpamSieve went from great to really great.

From September through now, its overall accuracy has steadily increased from around 99.5 percent to 99.8 percentMore importantly, when it’s wrong, especially regarding false positives (good messages incorrectly flagged as spam), it tends to only err with edge cases例如a thrice-forwarded joke from a mouth-breathing Hotmail user.

以下是2004年12月1日至2005年2月14日的统计数据:

过滤邮件
7960好消息
16469垃圾邮件(67%)
每天215封垃圾邮件
SpamSieve准确性
29误报
29假阴性(50%)
99.8%正确

In addition to 2.2’s even-better general accuracy, another change in my use of SpamSieve in 2004 led to a significant improvement in its overall effectivenessWhat I did was switch to labeling messages differently based on their scores assigned by SpamSieveBy default, my email client (Mailsmith) treats SpamSieve’s scoring as binary — each message is flagged as spam or not-spam.

然而,使用可从Mr.Mr.下载的AppleScriptsTsai’s web site, you can instead access the raw scores SpamSieve assigns to each message: a number ranging from 0 (not spammy at all) to 100 (smells like spam from a mile away).

So I have a filter in Mailsmith that runs an AppleScript against each incoming messageThe script gets each message’s spam score from SpamSieveIf the score is less than 50, the message is considered not-spamIf the score is 91 or higher, it’s considered spam, assigned a custom message label, and moved to my spam boxBut if the score is between 50 and 90, it’s considered嫌疑spam. These messages are still moved to my spam box, but they’re assigned a different message label than higher-scoring spam.

I keep my spam box sorted by label; thus, I can easily scan through my “suspect” spam messages once or twice a day.

This is an incredibly powerful technique — mainly because SpamSieve 2.2 has gotten so much better about assigning very high scores to most spam messages.

For example, at this moment, I have about two days’ worth of spam in my spam box: 372 messagesOf those, only 13 messages are labeled as “suspected” spam; the other 359 were scored at 91 or higher.

我只手动审查我的可疑垃圾邮件That means in two days, I’ve only needed to glance at 14 messages — 13 spams and one false positiveIt was easy to spot the false positive, because I only had to pick it out from around a dozen messages.

In the six months or so that I’ve been using this technique, I’ve found onlyfalse positive that came in with a score 91 or higher — a ticket confirmation message from Southwest Airlines, from whom I’d never before purchased ticketsI found the message in my spam box because I looked for it when it didn’t appear in my inbox a few minutes after I completed the transaction on Southwest’s web siteIt’s certainly possible that there have been other such high-scoring false positives that I didn’t detect, but if so, it was never anything important.

In short, by using AppleScript, you can get SpamSieve to offer a response other than just “spam” or “not spam” — you can find out when it’s a “maybe”By only reviewing the maybes, I’ve cut down tremendously on the amount of spam I need to review manually.

This is where I’ve found SpamSieve 2.2’s accuracy to be most improved over SpamSieve 2.1 and earlierIt now assigns the vast majority of my spam very high scores, whereas in previous versions, many more messages that were indeed spam were flagged with lower scores — which meant I had many more messages that I needed to review manually before trashing them.

进一步阅读

一世采访了Michael Tsai在2003年9月。

BBEdit 8.0

我写了一篇关于BBEdit 8的广泛评论shortly after it shipped in September, and I don’t really have much to add above what I wrote thenIt’s a terrific update to my all-time favorite app.

荣誉奖

其他三个应用程序值得一提:

I would have included both Quicksilver and NetNewsWire 2 on the list, if not for the fact that both are technically in “beta”I put that in quotes because in both cases, we’re talking about public betas that are in such widespread use that they stretch the concept of beta software to the limits of credibility.

E.g., in NetNewsWire’s case, in the month of February to date, 46 percent of the hits to my main RSS feed are from people using 2.0 “betas” of NetNewsWire or NetNewsWire Lite; only 30 percent are using NetNewsWire 1.0.x(And yes, NetNewsWire’s combined market share ishigh among DF readers.) I’m not sure how it can be a “beta” if more people are using it than are using the non-beta 1.0.x releases.

Private betas are another matter, but I’m seriously questioning whether it’s worth making a distinction between public betas and release softwareIf next year I assemble a list of apps of the year for 2005, I may well decide that public betas are fair game for inclusion我的想法including them as betas is that they ought to count for the year in which they come out of beta — but of course, that assumes Quicksilver is曾经going to come out of “beta”.

As for OmniWeb 5, I spent much of 2004 using it as my primary web browser我对它的许多功能赞不绝口my initial reviewof the OmniWeb 5.0 public beta, and it only got better as a proper (non-beta) release.

However, a few weeks ago I bit the bullet and switched back to Safari很简单,原因是性能Safari feels much faster than OmniWeb, and it tends to use much less memory.

This might not matter for people with faster CPUs and/or more RAM than in my iBook, but for me, the result was that OmniWeb felt a bit slow whenever I had more than a handful of open windows — which is pretty much all timeNot super-slow — more like the way the entire UI in Mac OS X 10.0 felt slowMouse clicks taking an extra fraction of a second to register, that sort of thing.

我也喜欢Safari的页面渲染OmniWeb plays strange games with certain fonts (Bitstream Vera Sans italic, for example, gets an extra dose of faux-italic slanting applied when displayed in OmniWeb), and worst of all, it insists upon anti-aliasing Monaco 9 and 10,这是错的

The Omni Group’s modified version of WebCore is a very good renderer, but it’s not as good as the standard Web Kit renderer.

我最想念的OmniWeb:

  • 每站点显示首选项
  • 退出和启动时自动保存和恢复状态
  • AppleScript访问选项卡
  • The ability to drag tabs between windows, or to rearrange their order within a single window

It’s quite possible that if my main Mac were a G5 with 1 GB or more of RAM, OmniWeb 5 would have made the listBut it’s not, and so it didn’t.