谎言,诅咒谎言和比尔盖茨

在“新闻周刊”上接受比尔盖茨的采访Steven Levy指出,Windows Vista中的许多新功能与Mac OS X中的功能类似盖茨的回应:

I mean, it’s fascinating, maybe we shouldn’t have showed so publicly the stuff we were doing, because we knew how long the new security base was going to take us to get doneNowadays, security guys break the Mac every single dayEvery single day, they come out with a total exploit, your machine can be taken over totally. I dare anybody to do that once aon the Windows machine. So, yes, it took us longer, and they had what we were doing, user interface-wise.

这个迷人在盖茨看来,微软提出了这些功能,苹果复制它们,Apple首先将它们纳入了他们的产品中,因为微软花了很多时间来提高Vista的安全性嗯。

盖茨关于Mac OS X安全性的说法完全是错误的大吃一惊令人恼火的是Levy没有在这一点上压迫他,要求举几个例子也许盖茨的“每一天”主张都是对此的提及一个月的苹果虫子项目,仅限于此发表的漏洞利用第一,如果没有用户采取行动,可能会发生严重的事情(即通过双击你没有要求的未知下载 - 并且Apple发布了一个安全更新在1月23日解决它。

我不知道在野外有一个单独的漏洞允许一个股票Mac OS X 10.4盒被“接管”不是一个(我也不知道Vista的任何内容。1

这是一个愤怒,诽谤的谎言,或比尔盖茨是一个不知情的傻瓜。

大多数人阅读万博manbetx贴吧知道这些都是愚蠢的陈述,显然是错误的但是,典型的新闻周刊读者会想到什么 - 特别是考虑到Levy没有受到挑战?


欢闹继续盖茨补充说:

Let’s be realistic, who came up with [the] file, edit, view, help [menu bar]? Do you want to go back to the original Mac and think about where those interface concepts came from?

我从来没有像过去那样指责微软篡改了Mac用户界面的这些指责事实上,我一直认为Windows的问题在于它不是足够就像Mac一样,特别是在90年代早期,当时斯卡利时代的苹果提出了不明智和命运多..“外观和感觉”诉讼反对微软苹果诉讼的重点或多或少是基于Windows,图标,下拉菜单和鼠标光标的任何用户界面都是违反Mac的侵犯版权行为Many Mac users shared the same sentiment; that any computer UI that wasn’t character-based was a rip-off of the Mac.

That was a terrible strategy for Apple; they lost that lawsuit, and they deserved to.2Windows,图标,菜单 - 这些只是想法,没有人值得拥有自己的想法这是什么史蒂夫乔布斯告诉丹尼尔莫罗在1995年的一次采访中(重点补充):

我记得1979年在施乐公司工作It was one of those sort of apocalyptic momentsI remember within ten minutes of seeing the graphical user interface stuff,just knowing that every computer would work this way some day; it was so obvious once you saw itIt didn’t require tremendous intellect它很清楚。

苹果需要做的是努力保持Mac的领先地位最好GUI; instead they attempted to protect their supposed right to be the只要GUI。

Apple没有发明图形用户界面的想法他们发明了这个想法的第一个商业实现是的,Apple从Xerox那里获取了创意,但他们没有复制Xerox的实施这是一些链接Xerox Star UI的屏幕截图; see for yourselfLikewise, Microsoft took many ideas from the Mac when creating Windows (far more than Apple took from Xerox), but they didn’t copy the implementation而且,是的,最终来自Windows的想法进入了Mac(例如,Alt-Tab切换)。

所以我可以看出为什么盖茨对此很敏感但关于这个特殊的指责 - 菜单栏和标准文件,编辑,查看等菜单 - 让我们接受他的挑战并“回到原来的Mac并思考那些界面概念来自哪里”以下是设计并实施原始Finder的Bruce Horn所写的内容关于Macintosh UI来自Xerox的指控

The Lisa group invented some fundamental concepts as well: pull down menus, the imaging and windowing models based on QuickDraw, the clipboard, and cleanly internationalizable software.

Smalltalk had a three-button mouse and pop-up menus, in contrast to the Mac’s menu bar and one-button mouseSmalltalk didn’t even have self-repairing windows — you had to click in them to get them to repaint, and programs couldn’t draw into partially obscured windows.

换句话说,“文件”,“编辑”和“查看”菜单来自Apple。3

与早期版本的Windows相比,Vista不再是Mac OS的卑鄙剽窃但苹果公司多年来一直以微软的价格击败微软推出其中许多功能以此为依据来自Microsoft的内部电子邮件然而,从爱荷华州的反垄断案中走出来,似乎微软的高管们确实认为苹果公司正在从微软那里获取创意。

这似乎是他们处理Apple正在实施的事实的方式运输Mac OS X中的主要新功能远远超过Microsoft使用Windows所能实现的功能I.e., in Microsoft’s view, it’s not that Vista now offers features that appeared in Mac OS X in 2003; it’s that Mac OS X has features that Microsoft讨论过在2001年在这个视图中,Spotlight是WinFS的一个骗局 - 即使是WinFS甚至没有真正进入Vista


  1. George Ou正在调查使用Vista的语音识别作为漏洞利用矢量的可能性即想象一个播放MP3的网站,其中包含告诉您的计算机将文档移动到垃圾箱然后清空垃圾箱的说明聪明,真的但是Vista中的语音识别默认是关闭的,这是否真的是一个实际问题还有待观察(If it is, I wonder whether it might not be similarly applicable to Mac OS X.) ↩︎

  2. 他们失败的一个原因是,他们允许微软将漏洞放入两家公司同意的合同中,这或多或少明确授予微软在Windows中使用这些UI概念的权利。But I’m saying Apple deserved to lose this case on merit, because Windows has never been a clone of the Mac OS, and no company deserves the right to “own” the basic concept of a GUI. ↩︎

  3. Windows might deserve credit for the Help menu, though. ↩︎