苹果为什么要在中国集会

Arik Hesseldahl,为Recode写作关于唐纳德特朗普的“我们要让苹果开始在这个国家建造他们该死的电脑和东西,而不是在其他国家”竞选承诺:

Any honest presidential candidate regardless of party should say clearly and indeed proudly that America doesn’t want these jobs to come backFinal assembly jobs are low-skilled, low-paying occupations; no American would wish to support a family on what the jobs would payWorkers at China’s Foxconn, which manufacturers the iPhone, make about $402 per month after three months of on-the-job probationEven at the lowest minimum wage in the U.S— $5.15 an hour in Wyoming — American workers can’t beat that.

这不是那么简单这些工作肯定是卑微的,但他们不是低技能。正如蒂姆库克在60分钟所说

查理罗斯:那么如果不是工资,它是什么?

蒂姆库克:这是技巧[...]

Charlie Rose: They have more skills than American workers? They have more skills than —

蒂姆库克:现在 - 现在,坚持下去。

查理罗斯: - 德国工人?

Tim Cook: Yeah, let me — let me — let me clear, China put an enormous focus on manufacturingIn what we would call, you and I would call vocational kind of skillsThe U.S., over time, began to stop having as many vocational kind of skillsI mean, you can take every tool and die maker in the United States and probably put them in a room that we’re currently sitting inIn China, you would have to have multiple football fields.

Charlie Rose: Because they’ve taught those skills in their schools?

Tim Cook: It’s because it was a focus of them — it’s a focus of their educational system这就是现实。

工资是一个很大的因素,但为了争论,让我们说苹果公司愿意投入庞大的现金储备并支付美国的流水线工人好工资Where would these U.S.-made iPhone be assembled? A year ago苹果在2014年第四季度销售了7500万部iPhone美国没有设施那可以做到世界上可能没有任何地方除了中国可以在那种规模上运作这几乎是每天一百万部iPhone10部iPhone每秒考虑一下。

你可以说,苹果可以更深入地挖掘金库并建造这样的设施并培训了数万名员工But why would they? Part of the marvel of Apple’s operations is that they can assemble and sell an unfathomable number of devices but they’re not on the hook for the assembly plants and facilities当iPhone在10年,15年或20年内走向iPod的道路时,Apple没有任何工厂可以关闭或转换为其他用途富士康呢。

美国不能与中国在工资上竞争它无法与劳动力的规模竞争China has had a decades-long push in its education system to train these workers; the U.S没有而美国没有设施或接近亚洲组件制造商。

苹果可以转向美国的唯一途径组装和制造将是他们自动化整个过程 - 构建机器来构建机器。事实上,这就是NeXT在硬件业务中所做的事情但NeXT只卖过总计约50,000台计算机Apple需要每人组装35,000部iPhone小时去年。

只要组装这些设备仍然是劳动密集型的,它必须在中国发生如果有一天它变得自动化 - 如果机器是由机器构建的 - 根据定义,它不会创造制造业工作。1


  1. 我对这款据称是Apple的汽车感到疑惑Would that be assembled in China, too? The U.S确实有汽车制造专业知识And a car is so utterly unlike any product Apple has ever made that I feel like anything is possible. ↩︎