面部ID FUD

Alex Webb和Sam Kim报道,今天彭博的看似耸人听闻的苹果故事“Apple正在努力让iPhone X按时上市“:

As of early fall, it was clearer than ever that production problems meant Apple Incwouldn’t have enough iPhone Xs in time for the holidaysThe challenge was how to make the sophisticated phone — with advanced features such as facial recognition — in large enough numbers.

As Wall Street analysts and fan blogs watched for signs that the company would stumble, Apple came up with a solution: It quietly told suppliers they could reduce the accuracy of the face-recognition technology to make it easier to manufacture, according to people familiar with the situation.

听起来很糟糕But what exactly does it mean? Does it mean Face ID will create too many false positives? Does it mean it will be too slow? Does it mean there will be too many false negatives? Surprise surprise, Bloomberg doesn’t say.

Apple is famously demanding, leaning on suppliers and contract manufacturers to help it make technological leaps and retain a competitive edgeWhile a less accurate Face ID will still be far better than the existing Touch ID, the company’s decision to downgrade the technology for this model shows how hard it’s becoming to create cutting-edge features that consumers are hungry to try.

“降级技术”听起来很糟糕但究竟哪些组件被“降级”?

Apple spokeswoman Trudy Muller said “Bloomberg’s claim that it reduced the accuracy spec for Face ID is completely false and we expect Face ID to be the new gold standard for facial authenticationThe quality and accuracy of Face ID haven’t changed; it continues to be one in a million probability of a random person unlocking your iPhone with Face ID.”

苹果公司在任何新闻报道上都发布了“这是完全错误的”声明,这是非同寻常的作为政策,苹果公司不会评论每一个新闻报道,即使他们知道这是废话因此,无论是这个故事还是特别强烈的胡说八道,还是苹果公司在员工的真实姓名(而不是匿名的“苹果发言人”归属)的记录中撒谎。

如果像报道的那样,“面部识别系统仍然会比现有的触摸ID更好”,那么彭博的故事究竟是什么意思呢?

To make matters worse, Apple lost one of its laser suppliers early onFinisar公司failed to meet Apple’s specifications in time for the start of production, and now the Sunnyvale, California-based company is racing to meet the standards by the end of OctoberThat left Apple reliant on fewer laser suppliers: Lumentum Holdings Inc和II-VI Inc.

Apple没有“失去”供应商- 苹果供应商,因为他们没有产生足够的产量。

To boost the number of usable dot projectors and accelerate production, Apple relaxed some of the specifications for Face ID, according to a different person with knowledge of the processAs a result, it took less time to test completed modules, one of the major sticking points, the person said.

It’s not clear how much the new specs will reduce the technology’s efficacy.

现在我们了解故事的真正核心Did Apple adjust the specifications for the components, or just the testing parameters? And if “it’s not clear how much the new specs will reduce the technology’s efficacy”, what is the point of this story? When did Apple “relax” these specifications? Before or after the September event?

要清楚,我不知道Face ID是否与广告一样有效我还没有用过它也许它很臭,也许它很棒,也许它介于两者之间But Bloomberg clearly doesn’t know either, yet they published this story which has a headline and summary — “The company let suppliers reduce accuracy of the phone’s Face ID system to speed up production” — which suggests that Face ID is going to stink because Apple’s suppliers couldn’t get enough good components out the door如果这不仅仅是clickbait,他们就可以说它实际上有多好。


坦率地说,我不相信彭博会报道有关iPhone的任何事情7月3日,他们出版了Mark Gurman撰写的这篇文章,“Apple测试3-D面部扫描解锁下一代iPhone“:

苹果公司is working on a feature that will let you unlock your iPhone using your face instead of a fingerprint.

For its redesigned iPhone, set to go on sale later this year, Apple is testing an improved security system that allows users to log in, authenticate payments, and launch secure apps by scanning their face, according to people familiar with the productThis is powered by a new 3-D sensor, added the people, who asked not to be identified discussing technology that’s still in developmentThe company is also testing eye scanning to augment the system, one of the people said.

The sensor’s speed and accuracy are focal points of the feature. It can scan a user’s face and unlock the iPhone within a few hundred milliseconds, the person saidIt is designed to work even if the device is laying flat on a table, rather than just close up to the faceThe feature is still being tested and may not appear with the new deviceHowever, the intent is for it to replace the Touch ID fingerprint scanner, according to the personAn Apple spokesman declined to comment.

事实上,Apple确实在iPhone X中取代了Touch ID和Face ID,但Gurman故事的时机错误他们没有在7月“测试”任何这种情况的可行性根据Apple内几个值得信赖的消息来源,包括直接参与iPhone X项目的多名工程师,一年前决定“全面使用Face ID”(用一个来源的话来说)此外,iPhone X硬件的设计在2017年1月之前被“锁定” - 再次成为消息来源如果我不得不下注,我会说它在2016年底前几个月被锁定了这是彭博以现在时态报道的一个为期九个月的决定。

除了彭博社之外,还有来自各种“分析师”的大量报道表明苹果公司仍在努力将Touch ID纳入iPhone X显示器,直到今年夏天。

1月的Ming-Chi Kuo

In a note sent out to investors on Friday, and subsequently obtained by AppleInsider, well-connected KGI analyst Ming-Chi Kuo says he believes Apple is developing a new class of bio-recognition technologies that play nice with “full-face,” or zero-bezel, displaysSpecifically, Kuo foresees Apple replacing existing Touch ID technology with optical fingerprint readers, a change that could arrive as soon as this year, as Apple is widely rumored to introduce a full-screen OLED iPhone model this fall.

到1月份,没有计划在今年任何Apple设备的显示屏上嵌入“光学指纹识别器”当然,苹果确实研究了在边缘到边缘显示器中嵌入Touch ID传感器的方法,但同样,这些努力在一年前就被弃用了。

Cowen and Company分析师Timoth Arcuri,于6月21日(今年),在AppleInsider标题下“苹果仍然未能确定指纹技术的'iPhone 8',直到10月才发货“:

The OLED-embedded fingerprint technology for Apple’s “iPhone 8” is “still being worked out,” an analyst claimed on Wednesday, with the company only deciding on one of three options by the end of June.

The one settled point appears to be that there won’t be a sensor on the back of the phone, Cowen and Company’s Timothy Arcuri indicated in a memo obtained by AppleInsiderThe three options include thinning the cover glass over a sensor area, creating a pinhole through the glass for an optical or ultrasonic sensor, or trying a “film” sensor integrated into the display, using either capacitive or infrared technology.

事实证明,这完全是胡说八道同样,Apple在一年前的Face ID上“全押”6月份他们仍在“解决这个问题”的想法是一个笑话。

8月份回到Ming-Chi Kuo

Apple has decided against an embedded Touch ID solution for its forthcoming “iPhone 8” handset, according to well-connected analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, leaving the door open for competitor Samsung to debut similar technology in next year’s Galaxy Note 9.

In a note to investors obtained by AppleInsider, Kuo says Apple has “cancelled” plans to embed a fingerprint recognition solution in the next-generation flagship iPhoneThe analyst left embedded Touch ID off a list of standout “iPhone 8” features published in July, but did not indicate that Apple had abandoned the initiative altogether.

与Gurman在6月的报告一样,这里的问题在于时机,而不是事实到今年8月,这是一个近一年的决定。

华尔街日报,9月7日的一份报告称,“东京的Yoko Kubota,旧金山的Tripp Mickle和东京的Takashi Mochizuki”

The production delays earlier this summer stemmed in part from Apple’s decision to build new phones using organic light-emitting diode, or OLED, screens similar to those used by rival Samsung Electronics CoAt the same time, Apple decided to ditch the physical home button that contains fingerprint sensors for unlocking the deviceApple tried to embed the Touch ID function, or fingerprint scanner, in the new display, which proved difficult, the people familiar with the process said.

As deadlines approached, Apple eventually abandoned the fingerprint scanner, the people said, and users will unlock the phone using either an old-fashioned password or what is expected to be a new facial-recognition featureNonetheless, precious time was lost and production was put back by about a month, according to people familiar with the situation.

我引用了署名中的两个东京日期行,因为我不认为这些信息来自Apple同样,我直接熟悉该决定的苹果公司的消息来源告诉我他们在一年前选择了Face ID,因为他们确信它比Touch ID更好触摸ID未被放弃,因为它很难嵌入显示器中。

在我推出索赔杂烩的时候,这里是Zach Epstein,7月20日为BGR写作,“I Might Know the Truth About Touch ID on Apple’s iPhone 8“(请注意,他称为”iPhone 8“的设备是iPhone X):

I have now received information from three different well-placed sources over the past few weeks, and they have all told me the same thing: The iPhone 8’s Touch ID fingerprint sensor is in the power button.

The news first came to me about a month ago from a source I know wellI’ve since been told the same thing by two additional sources I haven’t known for quite as longAll three sources have provided information to me in the past that has proven to be accurate.

对于胡说八道的故事来说,这是很多“有利的来源”。


所有这些都符合我多年来从Apple中的排名和工程设计资源中听到的内容也就是说,以iPhone的规模生产硬件,同时在技术上突破行业界限,是如此困难,如此复杂,以至于需要锁定硬件设计在实际宣布和发布iPhone之前Apple的iPhone硬件工程团队没有花2017年的时间在iPhone X和iPhone 8上工作 - 他们今年花了2018年和2019年的新iPhone硬件(可能还有更多)硬件与软件完全不同如果Apple真的在Touch ID嵌入式显示器上晃动了在今年6月面对ID,iPhone X将不会在2018年之前进入市场关于iPhone的硬件的最终决定明年首次亮相正在进行中。

So where do these rumors come from? I don’t know我的猜测是,如果他们背后有一个意图,那就是竞争对手(咳嗽,三星?)在亚洲供应链中试图对Face ID产生怀疑今年夏天分析师和某些新闻报道提供的叙述是苹果仍在争先恐后地将Touch ID工作嵌入到iPhone X显示器中,这表明Face ID是他们的B计划。

人们对生物识别ID系统自然持怀疑态度他们对Touch ID持怀疑态度,只是传言,就像他们现在对Face ID持怀疑态度一样但是今天,Touch ID既可信又熟悉所以有传言称苹果确实希望将Touch ID引入iPhone X,但不得不接受Face ID,这既是对新手的怀疑,又是对熟悉的舒适感。FUD是这本书中最古老的技巧之一。

The other, simpler explanation is that it simply takes 9 months or longer for engineering decisions made within Apple to percolate out to the rumor reporters and analysts — and their sources are so far removed from the halls of Cupertino that they mistake old news for new news.